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Resource-Induced Conflicts, Part I: Petro-violence in the Niger Delta

September 16, 2016

By: Obi, Cyril and Siri Aas Rustad   Since the turn of the century, petro-violence has brought the oil-producing Niger Delta to the forefront of international energy and security concerns for strategic, socio-economic, historical and political reasons. However, the root causes of this conflict lie in decades of marginalisation of the region’s inhabitants, pollution and the … Continue reading “Resource-Induced Conflicts, Part I: Petro-violence in the Niger Delta”


Resource-Induced Conflicts: Introduction to the Series

September 12, 2016

By: Annabelle Vuille   In 2001, Michael T. Klare published his ground breaking work Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict. In it, he argued that humanity’s growing dependence on a finite supply of critical resources – from oil and minerals, to water and land – at a time when demand for such resources … Continue reading “Resource-Induced Conflicts: Introduction to the Series”


Why won’t the USA leave the Persian Gulf? The story of the ultimate ‘frenemies'

December 15, 2014

By Mazhid Kat: In 1945 Franklin Roosevelt was the first President to admit that the United States had become oil-dependent.[i] This occurred because the American government had introduced a ‘conservation policy’ aimed at reducing the production of domestic oil and saving reserves for future generations by substituting it with imports.[ii] As a result, Roosevelt and King … Continue reading “Why won’t the USA leave the Persian Gulf? The story of the ultimate ‘frenemies'”


Until the last drop (…of oil)

December 2, 2014

By Eugenio Lilli: Eight percent: that is how much the price of oil fell after OPEC’s decision last Thursday to maintain its oil output unaltered. This sharp drop was only the latest development in a trend that has seen oil prices on the world market tumble by nearly 40 percent since mid-June. At one point, … Continue reading “Until the last drop (…of oil)”


Petro-state: After Hugo Chávez’s tumultuous presidency, how can Nicolás Maduro avert disaster in Venezuela?

February 5, 2014

by Ethan K.F. Brooks Although it may not be something that immediately comes to mind, President Maduro’s Venezuela possesses the largest proven oil reserves in the world, with, by some estimates, just under 297,570 billion barrels of oil, or nearly 20% of global reserves. [1] The Bolivarian Republic has reserves greater than Saudi Arabia, and … Continue reading “Petro-state: After Hugo Chávez’s tumultuous presidency, how can Nicolás Maduro avert disaster in Venezuela?”


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